Sexually transmitted diseases, causes and symptoms




Sexually transmitted disease
Written by Daivansh

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that transfer from one person to another person through sexual contact. The causative agent of STDs can be bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. Infections become more common because people are becoming sexually active at a younger age, are having multiple partners, and do not use preventive methods.

Those who got sexually transmitted diseases shows different kinds of symptoms. Sometimes symptoms are unable to detect but person is suffering from diseases. It is common to both men and women. Many STDs can be transfer from a mother to her baby before, during, or immediately after birth.

There are more than 20 types of sexually transmitted diseases, including Chlamydia, Genital herpes, Gonorrhea, HIV/AIDS, HPV, Syphilis, and Trichomoniasis.

Here are most common list of Sexually transmitted diseases.

Chlamydia infection is Sexually transmitted diseases

Chlamydia infection is Sexually transmitted diseases

Causative agent of Chlamydia infection is a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It can infect both men and women. Infection can occur during oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone who has the infection. A woman can also pass this infection to her baby during childbirth.

Chlamydia is more common in young people, especially young women. Symptoms in women include abnormal vaginal discharge, burning sensation when urinating and pain during intercourse.

Symptoms in men include penis discharge, burning sensation while urinating, burning or itching around the opening of the penis, Pain and swelling in one or both testicles.

Read also: Vaginal itching, causes, symptoms and treatments

Gonorrhoea, Sexually transmitted infection

Gonorrhoea, Sexually transmitted infection

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease and it is most common in young adults. The bacteria that cause gonorrhoea can infect the genital tract, mouth, or anus.

Symptoms of gonorrhoea in women are often are mild. Later, it can cause bleeding between periods, pain when urinating, and increased discharge from the vagina.

In men, disease can cause pain during urinating and discharge from the penis. If left untreated then it can cause problems with the prostate and testicles.

Read also: Vaginal pain problems, causes, symptoms and treatment

Genital Herpes, Sexually transmitted diseases

Genital Herpes is cause by herpes simplex virus. It can leads to sores on genital or rectal part, buttocks, and thighs. Disease spread through by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who got infection. The virus can spread even when sores are not present. It can transfer from mother to the baby.

Symptoms include outbreaks and sores. Sores are the blisters which are painful, they are reddish in colour.

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HIV/AIDS Human immunodeficiency virus/ Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

HIV/AIDS Human immunodeficiency virus/ Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

 

It is the final stage of infection with HIV. Not everyone with HIV develops AIDS. Spread by sexual contact and from sharing infected needles. The average time from infection to the development of symptoms is 10 years. HIV most often spreads through unprotected sex with an infected person.

Symptoms may occur a few weeks after infected with the virus. They are fatigue, night sweats, sore throats, swollen lymph nodes, rash, chills, diarrhoea, weight loss, muscle and joint aches, headaches, and cough.

Read also: World’s AIDS Awareness day 1st December

Syphilis, Sexually transmitted diseases

Syphilis is caused by bacteria. It infects the genital area, lips, mouth, or anus of both men and women. Infection by sexual contact with infected person. It can also pass from mother to baby during pregnancy.

Symptoms are single, small, painless sore and swelling in nearby lymph nodes. Non-itchy skin rash, often on the hands and feet.

Human papillomaviruses

Causative agent is virus and it causes warts on different parts of the body. It spreads through sexual contact with an infected partner. Risk of the cancer also increases.

Read also:  Skin infection, Human Papillomavirus infection features

Trichomoniasis is a type of sexually transmitted disease

Trichomoniasis is a type of sexually transmitted disease caused by a parasite. It transfer through sexual intercourse with an infected partner.

Symptoms in women Yellow-green vaginal discharge, discomfort during sex, vaginal odour, painful urination, and itching in or near the vagina.

Men’ s symptoms  include are whitish discharge from the penis and painful or difficult urination and ejaculation.

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