Obstructive sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder. It occurs when individual repeatedly stop and start breathing during sleep. Let us understand obstructive sleep apnea, causes, symptoms and relation with obesity.
It can lead to serious health complications like heart disease, obesity and depression. Menopausal and postmenopausal women have high risk of sleep apnea.
What happen in Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
During sleep when throat muscles get relax at regular interval and block the upper airways. It leads to diaphragm and chest muscles work harder to open the obstructed airway and pull air into the lungs. A noticeable sigh appear snoring. The condition can also reduce the flow of oxygen to other organs and cause irregular heart rhythms.
Causes of sleep apnea
There are many factors which are listed here
During sleep muscles which keep the airway open may get relax, leads to narrowing of the airway. This relaxation of muscle does not prevent the flow of air in and out of the lungs.
The blockage of the airflow due to thickening and fat deposition in the airways leads to snoring typically associated with sleep apnea.
In central sleep apnea (CSA) is the less common form of sleep apnea. It is because of medical condition such as stroke or heart failure, recent ascent to high altitude or the use of pain relief medication.
Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Excessive daytime sleepiness
Breathing cessation during sleep
Abrupt awakenings in night and gasping or choking
Awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat
Difficulty concentrating during the day
Experiencing mood changes, such as depression or irritability
High blood pressure
Obstructive Sleep Apnea and obesity
In infants obstructive sleep apnea can increase the risk of obesity and tonsils. Children of age 4 also affected. Diabetes in young age children is due to obesity and tonsils at young age.
Sleep apnea cause inadequate sleep. Not getting proper and complete sleep disturbs emotional health and can cause drowsiness, concentration loss, and stress in short-term and hypertension, cardiac disorders and sudden death in the long term.
Risk factors for Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Overweight people are more affected with obstructive sleep apnea. It is not always possible. Fat deposition around the upper airway may obstruct breathing.
Some people has inherited narrow airways. Or enlarge adenoids and tonsils may block the airway.
High blood pressure (hypertension)
Obstructive sleep apnea is very common in people with hypertension.
Chronic nasal congestion
Chronic nasal congestion cause narrow airways. Which is a cause factor for sleep apnea.
People who smoke are more likely to have obstructive sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea may be more common in diabetic patients.