Constipation treatment, causes and symptoms are necessary to understand because it is not the normal condition but a serious chronic digestive problem. It affects millions of all age people. There are many symptoms for constipation but important one is going hard faeces and that thrice in a week.
What is constipation?
It is a chronic condition of digestive system where individual will go three stools per week. Their faeces are dry, hard and difficult to pass.
Constipation causes or reasons
Low-fiber diet (particularly diets high in meat, milk, or cheese)
Dehydration or low consumption of water
Lack of exercise
Delaying the impulse to have a bowel movement
Travel or other changes in routine
Certain medications, such as high calcium antacids and pain medications, iron supplements
Symptoms of constipation
Symptoms of chronic constipation include:
Passing fewer than three stools a week
Having lumpy or hard, dry stools
Straining to pass stool
Feeling like you still need to go after you have a bowel movement
Feeling like there’s a blockage in the intestines or rectum
Pain or bloating in the abdomen
Sluggishness or lethargy
Treatment for constipation usually start with diet and lifestyle changes. It may help to increase the speed at which stool moves through the intestines.
Other methods are some changes in life style and eating food habits.
High fiber intake
Eating rich fiber diet may increases the weight of your stool and speeds its passage through your intestines. Slowly begin to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables each day. Choose whole-grain breads and cereals.
Physical activity increases muscle activity of the intestines. If you are not a regular exerciser then consult with your doctor before starting any physical activity.
Medications that draw water into your intestines like Lubiprostone (Amitiza)
Psyllium (Metamucil, Konsyl)
Calcium polycarbophil (FiberCon)
Methylcellulose fiber (Citrucel)
Osmotics laxatives help fluids move through the colon
Oral magnesium hydroxide
Polyethylene glycol (Miralax)
Stool softeners, soften the stool by drawing water from the intestines
Docusate sodium (Colace)
Docusate calcium (Surfak)
Sometime doctor may recommend surgery to chronic constipation patients or other procedures to help treat the condition.