Thyroid Disorders and its health related Problems. Excess production of thyroid hormone leads to hyperthyroidism and less production hypothyroidism. The thyroid is endocrine gland located at the base of your neck and it produces hormone to regulate body metabolism.
Improper function of thyroid can leads disorders and health related problems like Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease, goiter, and thyroid nodules.
Thyroid Disorders Hyperthyroidism and its effect on health
In hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland is overactive and produces hormone.
Graves’ disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, affecting about 70 percent of people with an overactive thyroid.
Toxic adenomas and subacute thyroiditis are type of thyroid disorder and it has bad effect on health.
Excessive thyroid hormone production leads to symptoms such as:
- High heart beat
- Increased sweating
- Trouble sleeping
- Thin skin
- Brittle hair and nails
- Muscle weakness
- Weight loss
- Bulging eyes (in Graves’ disease)
Thyroid Disorders Hyperthyroidism diagnosis and treatment
A blood test to measures the levels of thyroid hormone (thyroxine or T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in blood is the primary diagnosis.
Treatments for hyperthyroidism include destruction of the thyroid gland or block it from producing its hormones.
Antithyroid drugs such as methimazole (Tapazole) prevent the thyroid from producing its hormones.
Causes and symptoms for hypothyroidism
- Low production of hormones in hypothyroidism causes
- Hypothyroidism is often caused by Hashimoto’s disease, surgery to remove the thyroid gland, or damage from radiation treatment.
- Fatigue and memory problems
- Dry skin and increased sensitivity to cold
- Depression and sometimes leads to coma
- Weight gain
- Slow heart rate
Hypothyroidism diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis of hypothyroidism can be done by blood tests to measure TSH and thyroid hormone levels.
The main treatment for hypothyroidism is to take thyroid hormone pills.