Diabetes mellitus, here we will discuss about Unknown facts about common Diabetes disease. Disease is a group of metabolic disorder in which the person suffer with high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because inadequate insulin production or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.
Glucose comes from the foods we eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into the cells of the body to give them energy.
Over time, having too much glucose in the blood can cause serious problems. It can damage eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke. Pregnant women can also get diabetes, called gestational diabetes.
There are two types of diabetes as type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is insulin-dependent and type 2 is non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age.
People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive. Type 2 diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people and it is the most common type.
Common symptoms of Diabetes disease
Symptoms depends on the part of the body. Specific part has unique symptom.
Eyes: Blurry vision
Excessive thirst and hunger ( Polydypsia and Polyphagia)
Urinary system: Frequent urination( Polyuria) and glucose in urine( Glucosuria)
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and weight lose
Skin problems, yeast infections, and slow healing wounds
Foot problems: tingling or numbness in the feet or toes
Respiratory problems: Fast and deeep breathing
Heat problems, hypertension, and mental health issues
Diagnosis and tests for Diabetes disease
Glucose (sugar) test
It is the best way to diagnose diabetes. It is easy to perform and convenient.
First test is empty stomach as soon as yo wake up in the morning after long 8 hours sleep.Second is after the meal.
Fasting glucose level should be less than 100 mg per dl.
The A1C test:
If range is at least 6.5% means diabetes
Rang between 5.7% and 5.99% means prediabetes
Range less than 5.7% means normal
The oral glucose tolerance test: It is a standard test for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. It is still commonly used for diagnosing gestational diabetes and in conditions of pre-diabetes, such as polycystic ovary syndrome.
Glucose in urine test
It is a part of a urinalysis, a test that measures different cells, chemicals, and other substances in the urine. A glucose in the urine test may also indicate for diabetes. However, a urine glucose test is not as accurate as a blood glucose test.
Treatments for Diabetes disease
Type 1 diabetes treats with insulin, exercise and healthy diet. Diabetic diet include complex carbohydrates such as brown rice, whole wheat, quinoa, oatmeal, beans, fruits and vegetables.
A pancreas transplant surgery is for people with type 1 diabetes who have severe complications of their disease.
Type 2 diabetes treats with first weight reduction, oral medication with or without insulin.
Weight loss surgery in those with obesity and type 2 diabetes is often an effective measure. Many are able to maintain normal blood sugar levels with little or no medications following surgery.