Kidney stones are normal but same time can be dangerous for the body. Diagnosis of symptoms and signs are helpful to treat it. Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs found on the left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
The kidney acts as a filter for blood. It helps in removing waste products from the body and making urine. It also helps regulate electrolyte levels that are important for body function.
Kidney stones are hard deposits made of minerals like calcium and salts that form inside the kidneys. These stones may cause and affect any part of the urinary tract from kidneys to bladder.
There are 4 main types of kidney stones.
Calcium stones: When kidney stones are made of calcium compounds, especially calcium oxalate.
Uric acid stones: When kidney stones are made of uric acid, a waste product normally passed out of the body in the urine.
Struvite stones: They are infection stones if they occur with kidney or urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Cystine stones: Less common are kidney stones made of a chemical or amino acid called cystine.
Smaller kidney stones normally don’t cause any symptoms. When the stone moves into ureter then symptoms appear. Kidney stones are typically very painful.
Most stones will pass on their own in urine without treatment. Sometime other procedure also need to break up or remove stones that unable to pass.
Warning signs and symptoms of kidney stones
Severe pain during kidney stones
Pain in back, ribs and belly. The pain starts when a stone moves into the narrow ureter. This causes a blockage, which makes pressure build up in the kidney.
Intensity of pain increases as per size of the stone.
Burning sensation during urination
Sometime pain or burning sensation during urination misunderstood as urinary tract infection. But it is actually assign of kidney stone which affects urination process.
Urine with blood
When blood comes in urine. And the colour of the urine can be red, pink or brown. This is very common symptoms of kidney which should not be ignore.
When stone move to lower part of urinary tract then become a problem. Feeling urinating again and again is a sign of kidney stone.
When stone struck in the ureter then difficult to pass complete urine. So, amount of urine become less every time.
Smelly and cloudy urine
When pus comes in urine due to kidney stone. Bacterial infection in urinary tract cause bad smell of urine.
Fever, chill, Nausea and vomiting
If these symptoms appear more often with other main symptoms of kidney stone then it is become necessary to consult a doctor.
Risk factors to get kidney stones
Not drinking enough water each day can increase the risk of kidney stones.
Diet which is high in protein, salt and sugar may increases the risk.
Obesity with high body mass index generally increases the risk of getting kidney stones.
Some surgeries, diarrhoea can alter the digestive process that affect absorption of calcium and water in the body. And this lead to increase the levels of stone-forming substances in the urine.